Serums - the most powerful weapons to combat skin imperfections

Think of the serum as a secret weapon for treating skin problems such as discoloration, darkening, fine lines or acne, and as a moisturizer and key to hydrating your skin.
1. What is a serum?
Serums are products with a liquid consistency that contain concentrated amounts of active ingredients. The concept of the serum is that larger amounts of active molecules will potentially penetrate the skin's surface for optimal effectiveness. Also due to the higher concentration it usually takes shorter time to see visible results.
As the serum is lighter and delivers active ingredients quickly to the skin, it is applied before the moisturizer and immediately after the tonic. But you also need to seal the serum to maximize the benefits, so a moisturizer or face cream should be the next step.
What are the benefits?
If you use a face serum that is very suitable for the type of problem you want to solve, the serum can have many benefits.
Let's take a closer look at some of the main benefits of adding this product to your skin care routine.

2. Benefits of facial serum:
Absorbs quickly into the skin. Serums are lighter skin care formulas than face creams. The more liquid and light form allows the serum to be more easily absorbed into your skin. This makes the facial serum an ideal first step in the layering process.
Soothes sensitive skin. Serums with their light textures are often better for people with acne-prone or oily skin.
Improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Some facial serums contain ingredients such as collagen, snail mucus, peptides that help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Protects your skin from free radicals and future damage. Serums with ingredients such as vitamin C, vitamin E, ferulic acid, green tea, resveratrol and astaxanthin help prevent oxidative damage from ultraviolet (UV) light and pollution, which can lead to premature skin aging and wrinkles.
Has the potential to provide more visible results. Higher concentrations of active ingredients can provide more visible results compared to other skin products.
Feels with ease on your skin. Because it is quickly absorbed by it, the facial serum does not feel heavy or greasy.

3. Types of face serums and ingredients
When it comes to choosing a skin serum, it is important to know that there are different types of serums as well as specific ingredients to look for based on your goals.
In general, facial serums fall into the following categories:
Anti-aging serums;
• Skin lightening serums;
• Moisturizing serums
• Serums to fight free radicals;
• Serums for acne and sensitive skin;
• Reparative serums to improve texture

4. How to use the serums?
The best way to use a face serum is as a base layer under your heavier products such as moisturizer, sunscreen and makeup.
You can use a face serum once or twice a day after cleansing and toning the skin. How often you apply the serum to your skin depends on your goals.
Antipigmentation and antioxidant serums work best when applied in the morning. This helps protect your skin from environmental aggressors and the production of free radicals produced by light, including UV and high-energy visible light.
Anti-aging serums are often best suited for night use. This allows the ingredients to work with the biological rhythm of your body to restore and regenerate the skin.
Moisturizing serums for drier skin can be applied twice a day to keep your skin fresh and moisturized.

To get the most out of a face serum, it is recommended that you follow these rules:
Apply skin care products from the most liquid to the thickest consistency. Most serums work best when applied in the following two ways: 1) as a second coat after tonic and cleansing and 2) as a first coat in direct contact with clean skin after using a cleanser.
If the active ingredient is too irritating or drying, you can apply it on another product to create a balancing effect.
In any case, the serum is an integral part of daily care if you want to achieve perfect skin.

You can see the special selection of serums that Palmaerosa offers for you here: